AARON BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI (HaRAH, initials of his name Ha-Rav Aharon ha-Levi; c. 1235–1300), Spanish rabbi and halakhist. Aaron was a descendant of zerahiah b. isaac ha-Levi. His principal teachers were his brother Phinehas   and Moses b. Naḥman (Naḥmanides ). He had many disciples in his native Barcelona; the most famous was Yom Tov b. Abraham of Seville. In 1278 Aaron and solomon b. abraham adret were designated by Pedro III to settle a dispute in the community of Saragossa. In 1284, on the instructions of the king, he was appointed rabbi of that town for the purpose of ending the continuous dissensions in Saragossa. On Aaron's advice, the community enacted several important ordinances; some were vigorously contested both during his lifetime and in subsequent generations (Isaac b. Sheshet, Responsa, 388). After some time he returned to Barcelona where he apparently engaged in business. In 1286 he went to Toledo and remained there briefly. He returned to Barcelona. Noted for his originality, Aaron would defer neither to the majority nor to the traditional authorities. At times, both he and Solomon b. Abraham Adret, who had many mutual disciples, were consulted on the same legal question, and answered jointly. Their personalities clashed and they often disagreed. On one occasion they requested French scholars to pronounce a final decision (Yom Tov b. Abraham of Seville, responsa, ed. by Y. Kafaḥ (1959), 79). When Adret published his Torat ha-Bayit ("Law of the House") Aaron wrote critical comments called Bedek ha-Bayit ("Repair of the House") which were printed together with the former work (Venice, 1608 and in all subsequent editions). His introduction and notes were written in an inoffensive and respectful tone. Adret hastily wrote a sharp rejoinder called Mishmeret ha-Bayit ("Guard of the House"), which was issued anonymously. However, Adret admits his authorship in one of his responsa. Most of his attacks were based on statements of the early legal authorities whom Aaron had ignored. Aaron wrote several independent books. Of his novellae to the Talmud, only those to three tractates have survived – Ketubbot (Prague, 1734), Beẓah (published in the Mareh ha-Ofannim of Jacob Faitusi, Leghorn, 1810), and Sukkah (1962); the novellae on Kiddushin (1904) are erroneously ascribed to him. A large part of his novellae to Shabbat is preserved in the pseudo-R. Nissim commentary to this tractate. Of his commentaries on the halakhot of Alfasi, only those on tractates Berakhot and Ta'anit have survived (Pekuddat ha-Leviyyim, 1874; new edition M. Blau, 1957). In his preface Aaron mentioned that he wrote a short commentary on the Talmud called Nezer ha-Kodesh in which he gives the halakhah without the accompanying discussion. The work is no longer extant. Of his legal decisions, only his Kelalei Yein Nesekh on the prohibition of wine prepared by Gentiles (published as an appendix to Adret's Avodat ha-Kodesh, (Venice, 1602), and Hilkhot Niddah (1967), have survived. The Sefer ha-Hinnukh of Aaron ha-Levi of Barcelona has been wrongly ascribed to him. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Perles, R. Salomo b. Abraham b. Adereth (Ger., 1863), 62–63, n. 17; S. and N. Bamberger (eds.), Pekuddat ha-Leviyyim (1874), 5–10 (introd.); Michael, Or, no. 293; Graetz, Gesch, 8, pt. 2, 148–9; Gross, Gal Jud, 329–31, no. 20; Baer, Spain, 1 (1961), 224–5, 240, 418 n. 81; Shiloh, in: Sinai, 61 (1966/67), 291–7. (Simha Assaf)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aaron ben Joseph ha-Levi (R'ah) — (1235 1300)    Spanish talmudist. He was a student of Nahmanides in Barcelona. He wrote Repair of the House consisting of critical comments on Law of the House by Solomon ben Adret. In reply Adret wrote Guard of the House …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Aaron ben Joseph of Constantinople — (c. 1260 – c. 1320) (not to be confused with his near contemporary, Aaron ben Eliyahu of Nicomedia), was an eminent teacher, philosopher, physician, and liturgical poet in ConstantinopleBackgroundAaron ben Joseph was born in Sulchat, Crimea. He… …   Wikipedia

  • PHINEHAS BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI — (13th century), Hebrew poet and paytan in Toledo. According to some scholars Phinehas was the brother of aaron ha Levi of Barcelona to whom the Sefer ha Ḥinnukh is attributed. He was one of the rivals of todros b. judah abulafia in the court of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SASSON, AARON BEN JOSEPH — (1550/5–1626), rabbinic scholar in the ottoman Empire. Aaron was educated in salonika , where he lived until 1600, and died in Constantinople. He was a pupil of Mordecai Matalon and a pupil and colleague of his father in law, Solomon II of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AARON BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN OF LUNEL — (end of 13th and first half of 14th century), Provençal scholar. Despite his name, he was probably not from Lunel but from Narbonne, where his forefathers lived. In his well known work Orḥot Ḥayyim he makes frequent mention of the customs of Nar… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIJAH BEN BENJAMIN HA-LEVI — (d. after 1540), rabbi and paytan of Constantinople. He belonged to an indigenous Turkish Jewish family. He studied under moses capsali , to whose aid he came in his dispute with joseph colon , and afterward under Elijah Mizraḥi , whom he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAKIM, SAMUEL BEN MOSES HA-LEVI IBN — (?1480–after 1547), rabbi in egypt and turkey . Samuel came from a distinguished family of Spanish origin which had settled in Egypt. His father, Moses, was a personal friend of the governor of Egypt and, when difficulties arose, intervened on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KORNFELD, AARON BEN MORDECAI BAER — (1795–1881), last rosh yeshivah of Bohemia. Kornfeld s father, Mordecai Baer, turned an old distillery in golcuv jenikov into a modern factory, and his uncle Salman supplied potash to glass factories and founded a tannery. The wealth they thus… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MUENZ (Minz), MOSES BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI — (c. 1750–1831), Hungarian rabbi. Muenz was born in Podolia or in Galicia. After serving as rabbi in Vishravitz and in Brody, he was appointed in 1789 rabbi of Alt Ofen (Óbuda) where he remained for the rest of his life. As a result of his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • WALDEN, AARON BEN ISAIAH NATHAN — (1838–1912), ḥasidic author and bibliographer in Poland. Born in Warsaw, Walden was a Ḥasid of R. Menahem Mendel of Kotsk and R. Isaac Meir Alter of Gur. For many years he worked as proofreader at Ephraim Baumritter s publishing house in Warsaw.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.